Community Blog

  • 26 Apr 2018 15:27 | Lucero Ibarra Rojas (Administrator)
    April 26th is the World Intellectual Property Day and, this year, the celebration goes under the theme “Powering change: Women in innovation and creativity”. With this, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) seeks to highlight women’s role in the creative field, both in arts and in science.
    “The time is ripe to reflect on ways to ensure that increasing numbers of women and girls across the globe engage in innovation and creativity, and why this is so important.”[1].
    This call to show women’s contributions remains necessary. There are plenty of cases in history in which artists have used pseudonyms to hide or disguise that they are women, and accounts of female scientists that have made great contributions to science only to be ignored while their male colleagues were recognized (Marie Curie herself almost didn’t get her Nobel). As a consequence, our voices have been much less heard.
    While contemporarily many aspects have improved, others continue pending. The International Labor Organization (ILO) study “Towards a better future for women and work: Voices of women and men”[2]indicates that gender disparities in the work sphere are reduced as education increases, however, women remain with less access to both education and payed work. The same study also indicates that there are still over 20% of people worldwide who think that women in fact shouldn’t work outside the household.
    In the academic field, women’s creativity and intellect continues to face huge challenges expressed in well known problems such as the payment gap, the glass ceilings or the maternity penalty. Women are paid less, occupy less higher positions and face grave consequences in our career because of poor conditions for motherhood. In addition, a series of studies have documented “what we already know” about the subtle (and not so subtle) ways in which our work is undervalued: from less favorable student evaluations[3], less quotations[4]and syllabus inclusion, to excessive representation in administrative duties[5]and even the fact that the notion of imposter syndrome (as the constant fear to be found as a fraud) was coined in a study on the psychology of women in academia[6]. This without even mentioning the sexual harassment in academia cases that have come to light and that recently motivated the creation of a Special Committee against Harassment in the Latin American Studies Association (well done LASA!). Despite all this, and without a doubt, the creative processes of academia are widely acknowledged and legitimated.
    If we join the World Intellectual Property Day as “an opportunity to highlight how the intellectual property (IP) system can support innovative and creative women (and indeed everyone) in their quest to bring their amazing ideas to market”[7], we must look beyond academia’s Ivory tower, which is actually rather favoured by intellectual property models. A wider view shows that there are female creativities and knowledges that are even further from recognition, that intellectual property’s coloniality is particularly damaging for women, and that a feminist critique calls for a reconsideration of intellectual property.
    As in many other productive aspects, women are only recognized as we generate value in spaces that are historically male; while historically female spaces are kept invisible. The intellectual property rights system based on the author’s genius and disregarding of collective creativities that share a closer link with tradition, hinders creative environments that are frequently female dominated, as can be artisanship (as a field that is conceptually different from art, and valued differently as well) or all the everyday knowledges that are unnamed by science (like the medicine of common wisdom or the one resulting from activities of caring for the family and home).These are the knowledges outside the books.
    The matter, however, is not that the creativity of many women cannot fit the intellectual property rights system, but rather that creative experience shows the limits of the law. To begin with, not all extraordinary ideas belong in the market, nor are monopolies (which is what intellectual property establishes) the only way to acknowledge the value of an idea. Although those of us who know Mexican artisans also know that the lack of recognition is based on a classist and racist undermining of the work of many women on profoundly unfair economic conditions. Women who live their creativity in collective process that go beyond personal talent, who sometimes argue and who often organize themselves. The many female artisan cooperatives that one can find are not always, or not necessarily, an expression of harmony, but rather an acknowledgement of shared needs and creativities. Several arguments are built from these spaces for an acknowledgement made from sharing logics, as can be seen in Santa María Tlahuitoltepec’s statement[8]against the improper appropriation in the hands of French fashion brands.
    In the same sense, open access feminist theories hold that ideas are not independent, as people create in social relations networks. Therefore, author’s rights should establish interaction rules with the users, instead of enabling exclusion mechanisms[9]. But far from being an isolated and exceptional view on creative processes, it is shared by different collectives and scholars who favor collaboration with social actors. Indeed, at the center of collaborative and activist methodologies one can find an ethics of shared production that has little to do with the exclusion strategies that are later expressed, rather thoughtlessly, by the assertion of authorship from traditional forms of intellectual property.
    Thus, to the problems that privileged women who decide to develop in historically male environments face, we must add the complete disregard of any value for the spaces, creativities and intellectual endeavors developed in historically female environments. In the earlier we are yet to achieve equality; the latter remain unnamed. In that sense, a true appreciation of women in creativity and innovation requires that we think over the paradigms of intellectual property and other aspects of regulation in which law determines what we consider knowledge, art or science. And in this endeavor, it is fundamental we engage with the feminist critiques and the proposals that are made from recognition ethics that do not entail monopolies.

    Lucero Ibarra Rojas

    (Professor at the Center for Research and Teaching in Economics - CIDE)

     “I do not think I ever opened a book in my life which had not something to say upon woman's inconstancy. Songs and proverbs, all talk of woman's fickleness. But perhaps you will say, these were all written by men."

    "Perhaps I shall. Yes, yes, if you please, no reference to examples in books. Men have had every advantage of us in telling their own story. Education has been theirs in so much higher a degree; the pen has been in their hands. I will not allow books to prove anything.”

    Jane Austen, Persuasión, 1818.

    [1] http://www.wipo.int/ip-outreach/en/ipday/

    [2] Gallup Institute y International Labour Organization, Towards a better future for women and work: Voices of women and men (Geneva: International Labour Organization, 2017).

    [3] Kristina M. W. Mitchell y Jonathan Martin, “Gender Bias in Student Evaluations”, PS: Political Science & Politics, 2018, 1–5.

    [4] Daniel Maliniak, Ryan Powers, y Barbara F. Walter, “The Gender Citation Gap in International Relations”, International Organization, 67.4 (2018), 889–922.

    [5] Cassandra M. Guarino y Victor M.H. Borden, “Faculty Service Loads and Gender: Are Women Taking Care of the Academic Family?”, Research in Higher Education, 58.6 (2017), 672–94.

    [6] Pauline Rose Clance y Suzanne Ament Imes, “The imposter phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention.”, Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 15.3 (1978), 241–47.

    [7] http://www.wipo.int/ip-outreach/en/ipday/

    [8] https://twitter.com/MunicipioTlahui/status/606142512235823104

    [9] Carys J. Craig, Joseph F. Turcotte, and Rosemary J. Coombe, “What’s feminist about open access? A relational approach to copyright in the academy”, Feminist@law, 1.1 (2011), 1–35.

  • 24 Apr 2018 17:58 | Emma Hyndman

    In this edition of "Meet our Kuadrilla" we spotlight Deborah Kim from Brisbane, Australia and James Campbell, from Glasgow, Scotland. While their respective thesis topics couldn't be more different within the socio-legal field, they both approached the master's looking for a new and challenging way to understand the law. Check out what they have to say below!


    James: I grew up in Glasgow, lived in London, and came to Oñati from there ... the size is very different but the community life, the way people are ... people have a good life here. They are generally pretty happy. They live life well. I'll miss the community feeling, there's nothing like this when I'm from.  

    Deb: I have lived in a big city most of my life and never lived in a town this small. This will probably remain a very unique experience and the community really grew on me. The Basque people are soft at heart! 

    James: Incredibly generous. What made you decide to leave everything in Australia to come here? 

    Deb: I was recommended this program as a leading socio-legal institute with a strong research focus, as well as opportunities to meet scholars from all over the world. 

     James: The sacrifice was worth it? 

    Deb: By coming here and engaging with the program, I have gained a broader, more diverse perspective on many things I thought I knew to be true. It's made me question and re-analyze a lot of my pre-existing beliefs and attitudes! How about you?  

    James: I wanted to do a specialist masters in the area that I enjoy working in, scholarly wise. I also wanted to come to the town! Strangely, I fell in love with the town through pictures before I came to Oñati ... it's an amazing place, an unbelievably cool combination of the study side of things and the experience … 

    Deb: Did you engage with the Basque life a lot?  

    James: I perhaps engaged too much! I enjoyed it. Met a lot of lovely people and had a lot of fun times. I think I did. Would you do anything differently?  

    Deb: Since I came here without knowing much about the town and the Institute, I feel like I let a lot of opportunities to engage in the Basque local life slip by. Yes, I don't speak Spanish, but I wish I had been more adventurous in the beginning and taken advantage of all of that. Would you change anything?  

    James: No, I don't think so. In retrospect, I just about got the balance right. You want to get the most out of the people, the professors, the visiting scholars, but you also want to do your own work and have fun. I probably would have wanted to see more of the Basque country, the small towns. And being able to communicate … 

    Deb: I'm still not a very good Spanish communicator. 

    James: I can order a coffee.  

    Deb: I can order a coffee … and pastries! A few of us also took Basque lessons at the beginning of the semester which was fun and I think the people here really appreciated the attempt to speak to them in Basque.  

    James: That's challenging though because you can "Kafe esne bat" but then they respond and…. 

    Deb: I'll miss the people that I got to know.  

    James: I'm quite nearby ... relatively speaking. 

    Deb: Can't say the same for myself!

  • 23 Mar 2018 11:03 | Pamela Teutli (Administrator)

    Seguimos honorando Marzo como el mes internacional de la mujer, y en esta segunda edición especial de “Conoce a nuestra kuadrilla” entrevistamos a Izabela Zonato de São Paulo, Brasil, abogada por la Universidad Presbiteriana Mackenzie y con interés en temas de migración, derechos humanos y derechos de grupos minoritarios; y Nicole Velasco de Cali, Colombia, investigadora de la Universidad Libre de Colombia y con interés en temas de derecho constitucional, cultura jurídica y diversidad étnica. Ellas nos comparten un poco sobre su experiencia en Oñati a semanas de finalizar el Master, con algunos tips para las futuras generaciones. ¡Disfruten y compartan!

    *Puedes leer esta entrevista en inglés aquí

    El IISJ es conocido por su excelente claustro académico y la interacción directa que se genera entre profesores y estudiantes ¿cómo consideran que ha sido la interacción con los profesores?

    Izabela: El Instituto nos da una gran oportunidad de tener un acceso más amplio y abierto con los profesores. Nos comparten sus historias y concomimiento en muchas áreas, y nos recuerdan que alguna vez estuvieron en nuestro lugar. He tenido la oportunidad de entrevistar a los profesores y esto me ha permitido ver todo lo que han tenido que pasar para poder llegar a donde ahora están, y no solo es un aprendizaje para mí, sino también para mis compañeros del Master y los miembros de Oñati community, el propósito al final es que otras personas conozcan más sobre los maestros y como se relacionan con el IISJ.

    Nota de la editora: No olvides ver las entrevistas de Izabela con Martin Krygier y Jill Hunter

    Nicole: Yo pienso que la dinámica de cercanía entre los profesores y estudiantes es muy interesante en cuanto a que compartimos muchas actividades. El hecho de que vivan en la residencia con nosotros y compartir dentro y fuera del aula, hacen que la relación entre profesor y estudiante sea más cercana. Aunque solo convivamos por dos semanas, se crean lazos de igualdad y no la típica relación de superioridad, se da más una amistad y compañerismo que el Instituto ayuda a crear.

    Izabela: ¿Qué oportunidades futuras crees que te ha dado el Instituto. Por ejemplo saber sobre las conferencias internacionales, como las que vienen en Lisboa y Canadá?.

    Nicole: Las oportunidades por parte de profesores y visiting scholars son inmensas. Por ejemplo con Lucero Ibarra de México, ella me explicó sobre su proceso como editora de revista, sus experiencias en la academia y toda esa información para mi es muy útil e importante. También Lais Górski de Brasil, que nos platicó sobre las practicas actuales en el campo de la sociología jurídica que nos da una perspectiva más amplia de la actividad académica en el día a día.

    Izabela: Estoy de acuerdo y creo que no solo de los profesores podemos aprender a partir de su experiencia pero los contactos con los visiting scholars que están trabajando en su PhD u otras investigaciones, también son muy importantes. Como dijo Nicole, la visita de Lais por ejemplo me abrió la oportunidad de trabajar juntas en Brasil, con solo tres semanas de convivir en Oñati, o la invitación de Valerija Grozdic de Serbia para tomar un curso en su universidad. Esta es una gran oportunidad para todos los que pertenecemos a la comunidad de Oñati, tenemos contacto con académicos en todo el mundo.

    Nicole. Y hablando de la convivencia, ¿qué es lo más divertido que recuerdes de los estudiante y profesores compartiendo?

    Izabela. ¡La ultima clase con Boaventura! Todos bailando, recitando poesía, cantando y compartiendo diferentes formas de arte de todas partes del mundo. ¿Para ti?

    Nicole: Yo tengo un muy buen recuerdo con Martin Krygier, cuando nos invitó a pinxto-pote, fue compartir una actividad típica de Oñati y nos permitió convivir y conocernos mejor fuera de clase.

    Izabela: Ya que estamos por terminar el Master ¿cómo describes tu crecimiento personal con esta experiencia?

    Nicole: Es una experiencia de la cual aprendemos en todo momento, mi crecimiento es ser más consciente y reflexiva sobre las cosas y eso quiero aplicar en mi país. Pues la experiencia de vivir en Europa es muy distinta al contexto en el que vivo en Colombia, tanto el tipo de conocimiento que se genera como la forma de vida, y eso es algo que puedo aplicar en un diálogo con el sur, como nos decía Boaventura en clase.

    Izabela: Yo creo que aprendí a ser más comprensiva y aprender gracias a la diversidad cultural del Master. He aprendido a tener más paciencia para lidiar con las cosas del día a día, ver que  cosas que para mí parecían complejas, en otras culturas son muy simples.

  • 23 Mar 2018 11:03 | Emma Hyndman

    As we continue to honor March as the international month for women, we present this second special edition of "Meet our Kuadrilla” with an interview featuring Izabela Zonato from São Paulo, Brazil, an attorney for the Mackenzie Presbyterian University with an interest in migration, human rights and rights of minority groups; and Nicole Velasco from Cali, Colombia, a researcher at the Free University of Colombia interested in constitutional law, legal culture and ethnic diversity. They share some insight about their experience in Oñati with only a week of classes remaining, including some tips for future students. Enjoy and share!

    *You can read this interview in Spanish here.*

    Starting Question: The IISJ is known for its excellent visiting academic faculty with direct interactions that generate close working relations between professors and students. Can you share a bit about your interactions with the professors?

    Izabela: The Institute gives us a great opportunity to have open access to professors. They share their stories and knowledges in many areas, and remind us that they were once in our place. I have had the opportunity to interview many of them which has allowed me to see everything they have had to go through get where they are now. It is not only a learning experience for me, but also for my colleagues and members of the Master Oñati community. In the end, the purpose is for other people know more about the teachers and how they relate to the IISJ.

    Editor’s note: Check out Izabela’s interviews with Martin Krygier and Jill Hunter

    Nicole: I think that the dynamic of closeness between teachers and students is very interesting in that we share many activities. The fact that they live in the residence with us and share life with us inside and outside the classroom, makes the relationship between teacher and student even closer. Although we only live together for two weeks at a time, bonds of equality are created that is not the typical relationship of superiority, there is more friendship and companionship that the Institute helps create.

    Izabela: What future opportunities do you think the Institute has created for you? For example, the international conferences, such as those coming up in Lisbon and Canada?

    Nicole: The opportunities from the professors and visiting scholars are immense. For example, with Lucero Ibarra from Mexico, she told me about her process as a journal editor, her experiences in academia and all that information is very useful and important to me Also Lais Górski, from Brazil, who told us about current practices in the field of legal sociology that gives us a broader perspective of academic activity on a day-to-day basis.

    Izabela: I agree, and I think that it is not just the professors who we can learn from their experiences but also the connections we make with the visiting scholars who are working on their PhD or other research, are also very important. As Nicole said, the visit of Lais for example opened the opportunity for me to work together in Brazil, after only knowing her for the three weeks she spent in Oñati, or the invitation of Valerija Grozdic from Serbia to take a course at her university. This is a great opportunity for all of us who belong to the Oñati community, we have contact with academics all over the world.

    Nicole And speaking of living together, what is the most fun you remember sharing with the students and teachers?

    Izabela: The last class with Boaventura! We danced, recited poetry, sang, and shared different forms of art from all over the world. How about you?

    Nicole: I have a very good memory of Martin Kryiger, when he invited us pintxo-pote, a very typical activity in Oñati that allows us all to come together and get to know each other better outside of class.

    Izabela: And now that we are about to finish the Master’s classes, who would you describe your personal growth with this experience?

    Nicole: It is an experience where we are learning at all moments, and my growth comes from being more aware and reflective of the things I want to bring back to my country. Living in Europe is a very different experience from my Colombia context, both types of knowledges generate the way of life and that is something that I can apply in a dialogue with the global South, as we said Boaventura’s in class.

    Izabela: I think I learned to be more understanding and thanks to the cultural diversity of the Master. I have learned to have more patience in dealing with day-to-day things. What seemed complex to me is very simple in other cultures.

  • 16 Mar 2018 01:30 | Izabela Zonato Villas Boas

    Marielle Franco. Woman. Black. Mother. Lesbian. Born in Favela. Dead.

    Marielle was the fifth most voted councilwoman in the city of Rio de Janeiro for the Socialism and Freedom Party (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade - PSOL), a defender of human rights, the rights of black women and residents of favelas and peripheries known for giving voice to victims of violence in the state.

    As widely reported to the world, Rio de Janeiro is under military military intervention due to the Federal Government's request because of the large number of crimes and violence, mainly related to drug trafficking.

    Because of this, on 28 February was appointed as the rapporteur of the committee that will accompany the intervention in Rio de Janeiro and on the last Sunday (11/03/2018), four days before her murder, Marielle denounced on her facebook the Military Police of the 41st Military Police Battalion of Rio de Janeiro for violation of rights and extermination in a community of the city.

    Murdered the night of March 14, after leaving an event with black women activists in the center of Rio de Janeiro. The reports of the crime are that the criminals shot several times against the car in which it was, its driver and its accessory (the only survivor), did not take any object, making clear the image of an execution.

    The murder had a great repercussion and solidarity with people all over the world. As a result, social manifestations asking for a radical investigation into the death of Marielle and also the end of the violence occurred in most of the capitals of the Brazilian states, especially in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia and Salvador (where the World Social Forum is taking place) from other countries such as Germany, Argentina Chile, USA, France and Portugal.
    Apparently, we are facing a Brazil that criminalizes poverty and also those who fight against the criminalization of poverty.
    A brilliant defender of so many minorities who ended up dead. But her fight is not over, we will make this mourning a big fight.

    Izabela Zonato Villas Boas, (IISL)

  • 15 Mar 2018 14:58 | Pamela Teutli (Administrator)

    Feliz mes internacional de la Mujer - ¡Uy, nos referimos a marzo! Nos tomamos el tiempo para platicar con algunas de nuestras increíbles y feministas compañeras de maestría para las siguientes dos instalaciones de "Conoce a nuestra Kuadrilla". Jomarie Rivera García, de Puerto Rico, estudió Sociología y Psicología en la Universidad de Puerto Rico en San Juan con un énfasis en criminología, violencia y pobreza. Emma Hyndman es de Estados Unidos, donde completó su licenciatura en Ciencias Políticas y Estudios de Género en la Universidad de Santa Clara en California. Su tema de tesis examina la intersección del estado y la violencia sexual. ¡Disfruta de esta conversación que tuvieron nuestras compañeras sobre dónde se ven luego de completar su maestría!

    ¿Cómo ha sido tu experiencia en este máster y qué impacto crees que tendrá en tus objetivos profesionales?

    Emma: Estoy emocionada de llevar todo lo que aprendí a los Estados Unidos y ponerlo en uso cuando empiece mi licenciatura en derecho en los próximos años. Ese fue mi principal objetivo al venir al programa: tener una visión diferente del Derecho y conocer a personas que trabajan en diferentes ámbitos relacionados con este.

    Joma: ¡Te entiendo! Este programa ha de-construido muchos problemas principales del Derecho, por lo que también te ayudará a abordarlos desde una perspectiva diferente

    Emma: Sí, definitivamente. ¿Y tú? Sé que planeas en empezar un Doctorado en el futuro…

    Joma: ¡Sí! y aunque no estoy seguro de si voy a seguir en el área de la sociología jurídica, esta experiencia no solo me ha dado una perspectiva en ambos campos, sino que también ha cambiado muchas cosas en mi vida personal. En ese sentido, me llevo de Oñati, ambas, lecciones de vida y académicas. Crecí aquí en Oñati.

    Emma: ¡También es la primera vez que cualquiera de nosotras ha vivido en una ciudad tan pequeña!

    Joma: Sí, también ha sido la primera vez que vivo en el extranjero, pero ha superado todas mis expectativas. Tengo un crecimiento en un nivel espiritual y lo principal que me llevo a casa es la experiencia de conocer a tantos intelectuales, no solo hablando de los profesores sino también mis compañeros y compañeras de clase, como Pam, de México, es una feminista tan fuerte y he aprendido mucho de ella, a defenderme por mi misma y a ser consciente de muchas prácticas violentas hacia las mujeres que han sido naturalizadas. O mi compañera de cuarto y amiga Claudia, quien es una fuerte activista crítica en Colombia, y que ha hecho tanto para producir cambios sociales muy importantes para la gente pobre en Medellín. También está Narith, de Camboya, una persona humilde y trabajadora y muy valioso amigo, con una historia admirable, me ha ayudado a reconocer los privilegios que me he naturalizado como mujer occidental. ¡También tu Emma! Aprendí muchísimo sobre tu disciplina académica y pensamiento crítico. Realmente te admiro. En ese sentido, todos ustedes han contribuido a cambiar mi cosmovisión y la forma en que entiendo la vida.

    Emma: Estoy de acuerdo. No solo de los otros estudiantes, sino también de los visiting scholars. Ha sido increíble conocer a tantas personas que están haciendo su doctorado y nos comparten sus perspectivas de sus países y actúan como nuestros mentores.

    Joma: Y nos han dado información sobre programas en su país. El Instituto nos ha abierto las puertas a tantas oportunidades en todo el mundo, que no hubiera tenido en Puerto Rico. El próximo mes iré a Serbia para explorar el programa de Sociología en la Universidad de Belgrado gracias a Valeria Grozdic, quien me recibirá.

    ¿Y qué sigue para ustedes?

    Emma: No puedo decir cuál será mi próximo paso, aun lo estoy averiguando, pero es emocionante tener la oportunidad de aprender de personas fuera de los EE. UU. Estar aquí ha significado la oportunidad de hacer preguntas de una manera diferente y aprende de manera diferente. Si bien mi educación en Estados Unidos me enseñó a priorizar el pensamiento crítico, no he tenido la oportunidad de aprender de otros países del mundo. Pero estoy emocionado de llevar conmigo lo que he aprendido de otros contextos y países, como lo que he aprendido sobre Puerto Rico gracias a ti, Joma.

    Joma: Estoy de acuerdo, y como mencioné, lo que más valoro de estar aquí es el crecimiento personal. Necesito reconocer que este programa y la vida en Oñati me han sacado de mi zona de confort, no solo académicamente, ya que el Derecho no es mi formación académica, sino toda la experiencia. Me hace sentir poderosa, como si no hubiera barreras para mí. Ahora sé que soy capaz de poder estudiar en cualquier parte del mundo.

    Emma: ¡Estoy completamente de acuerdo contigo!

  • 15 Mar 2018 14:52 | Pamela Teutli (Administrator)

    Happy International Women’s Month – oops, we mean March! We are taking the time to spotlight a few of our amazing feminist master’s students for the next two installations of “Meet our Kuadrilla.”Jomarie Rivera Garcia, from Puerto Rico, studied Sociology and Psychology from the Univeristy of Puerto Rico in San Juan with an emphasis in criminology and poverty. Emma Hyndman is from the United States, where she completed her undergraduate degree in Political Science and Gender Studies at Santa Clara University in California. Her thesis topic examines the intersection of state and sexual violence. Enjoy this conversation the two women had on where they see themselves after completing their master’s!

    Describe your experience in this master and what impact do you think it will have on your professional goals?

    Emma: I’m excited to bring everything that I’ve learned back to the U.S. and put it into use it when applying for and eventually attending law school in the next few years. That was my main purpose in coming to the program – to have a different view of the law and meet people working in different arenas related to the law.

    Joma: This program has deconstructed many mainstream problems in law, so it will also help you to approach them from a different perspective

    Emma: Yes definitely. And I know you plan on pursuing a PhD in the future…

    Joma: I do and this experience has given me perspective on that, but has also changed many things in my personal life. In that sense, I’m taking from Oñati both life and academic lessons. I have grown here in Oñati.

    Emma: It’s also the first time either of us have lived in such a small town!

    Joma: Yes, it has also been the first time I live abroad, but it has exceeded all my expectations. I have growth on a spiritual level and the main thing I’m taking home is the experience of meeting so many intellectuals, not only the professors but also my classmates. Like Pam from Mexico, she’s such a strong feminist and I’ve learned so much from her. Or my roommate Claudia, she is an activist in Colombia. There’s also Narith, from Cambodia, a hard worker and close friend. All of them have contributed to changing my cosmovision and the way I understand life.

    Emma: I agree. It’s not just within our cohort, but also from the visiting scholars. It has been incredible to meet so many people who are doing their PhD and bring their perspectives from their countries and also act as mentors to us.

    Joma: And they’ve given us information about programs in their country. The Institute has helped us open doors to so many opportunities around the world, which I would not have had in Puerto Rico. Next month I’ll be going to Serbia to explore the Sociology Program at the University of Belgrade thanks to Valerija Grozdic who will be hosting me.

    Interviewer: Where do you see yourself going next?

    Emma: I can’t say what my next move is going to be because I am still figuring it out, but it is exciting to have the opportunity to learn from people outside the U.S. Being here has meant the opportunity to ask questions in a different way and learn differently. While my education in the U.S. did a good job prioritizing critical thinking, I haven’t had the chance to learn from knowledges in other parts of the world. But I’m excited to carry with me what I’ve learned from other contexts and countries, like what I’ve learned about Puerto Rico from you

    Joma: I agree, and as I mentioned, what I value the most about being here is the personal growth. I need to acknowledge that this program and living in Oñati has taken me out of my comfort zone, not only academically, since law is not my background, but just the whole experience. It makes me feel powerful, as if there are no barriers for me. I can learn and study in any capacity and any place of the world.

    Emma: I could not agree more!

  • 14 Mar 2018 10:44 | Miren Manias (Administrator)

    The Basque Writing Contest from Reno’s Center for Basque Studies is open to all writing in English that has not been nor is in the process of being published elsewhere and has as its subject the Basques, Basque culture, the life of the Basques around the world, or other Basque-related topics.

    Here are the prizes:

    1st Prize: $500 for the winner and publication consideration

    2nd Prize: $150 Center for Basque Studies Press gift certificate and publication consideration

    3rd Prize: Basque Literature and Classics gift pack and publication consideration

    For more information about the call, please, visit the following site: http://www.blogseitb.us/basqueboise/2018/03/08/basque-stories-writing-contest-from-renos-center-for-basque-studies/

  • 7 Mar 2018 20:51 | Izabela Zonato Villas Boas

    Interviewed by: Izabela Zonato

    At UNSW she supervises post-graduate and under-graduate research students and she teaches in the LLB, JD and LLM programs as well as in Criminology (Faculty of Arts and Social Science) and in the Forensic Psychology Masters Program (Faculty of Science). Her fields of research and 6they typically focus on the criminal trial. Her empirical research has focused on juries and also on the role of mental health expertise in refugee determinations. Her publications include 10 books, a monograph report and numerous articles and chapters in books.

    1.      We know that a Master student from last year was accepted to take a Ph.D. with you in Sydney. How do you see this relationship? I mean, how did you identify him, for example.

    Alexandre Brandao was a really excellent, intellectually curious student in the class of 2016-17. Essentially, Alex was in the right place at the right time. His talent, an opportunity and some luck intersected. Both he and I share an interest in the impact of social media on criminal trials and on courts and just after I finished teaching at the Institute last year I was asked if I had a project that my university might advertise for a Scientia PhD scholarship. With Alex in mind, I put forward the Social Media, Courts and Community project. Alex competed internationally and was one of two successful applicants.

    2.      Could you talk about this teacher relationship with students who want to continue in the academic career?

    Academic careers are undoubtedly competitive. This means that its important to be as well-positioned as possible to get that first academic position and to be skilled in all that academia requires. A PhD equips a person with the ability to undertake and complete innovative and sustained research. It is also an important credential for an academic resume, especially nowadays. Your IISJ Masters’ theses will provide very good preparation for a PhD. It might also give you a possible basis for publishing an article – also a very useful addition to your resume.

    The supervisor/student relationship is a unique one – ideally it is one of trust, friendship, mutual respect - and gentle guidance.

    3.      Can you talk a little bit about your PhD and the "set-backs" you had during this?

    I expect you know the answer to this question. My son might prefer not to be referred to as a set-back, but yes, I did have my first child in the second year of my PhD studies. It was particularly challenging, and for the whole of my pregnancy I blamed my husband bitterly! Young Paul David Hunter did not turn out to be a set-back (either for my PhD or for my happiness – quite the opposite on both counts). Pregnancy meant I had a definite deadline. It could not be extended (and there was a danger it might shift earlier) so I threw myself into my PhD in a very intense and focused way. I did not complete it before Paul was born, but I got close. I finished it when he was 3 months old, and took 2 years to complete my doctorate.

    4.      Do you have any advice for people who want to take a PhD?

    • 1.    Choose a topic that really means something to you. It will be with you for a long time, so you should really want to answer your research question.  If the field of study (broadly understood) is a core part of the LLB curriculum all the better, it means that your completed thesis might make your job prospects even stronger.
    • 2.   Remember that a PhD is an apprenticeship to becoming a scholar. It should be your very best work, but it is not your last opportunity to write on the topic. Indeed, it is probably your first - so make your topic one that is not too big for a PhD.
    • 3.  Give your supervisor the very best draft that you are capable of achieving in the timeline you have set yourself. A short excellent portion of a chapter is always preferable to a complete but patchy chapter.
    • 4.      Don’t have a baby at the same time.
    • 5.      If you ignore the above rule – or even if you obey it, make sure you are very well organized, very focused and waste not a moment of time. Plan. Plan further, and then sit down, and write out your chapter frameworks. Shape your thesis conceptually. Planning gives you a map. It gives you confidence, and as long as you remain flexible – as your plans will change, probably constantly (because it is very likely to be an imperfect plan) but you know where you are heading.
    • 6.      Keep yourself well-informed, open to new ideas, but focus on finishing. You must read widely – always, but you are also ready to start writing the first draft chapter if you have a plan to draw your thesis into a coherent whole.
    • 7.    Often the first chapter you write should be the central part of your narrative (I didn’t realise this, unfortunately - but I did start with my favorite chapter).
    • 8.      Publish articles from your thesis as you draft your chapters.
    • 9.     Enjoy. For me, in the first year I was motivated by a short holiday after each chapter. In the second year, no time for holidays.
    • 10.  Don’t forget your friends.

  • 21 Feb 2018 17:09 | Pável H. Valer Bellota

    La REVISTA DE LA FACULTAD DE DERECHO Y CIENCIAS POLÍTICAS es una publicación con periodicidad anual de la Facultad del mismo nombre publicada desde 1948 y cuenta con afiliación a la Universidad del Cusco (UNSAAC). Está abierta a trabajos intelectuales que planteen artículos originales, no publicados anteriormente, con una amplia visión teórica desde las variadas ópticas de las ciencias del Derecho, y desde una perspectiva plural.   Para este número se ha propuesto el tema “Recursos Naturales, Derecho y Conflictos Sociales”, con la intención de reunir trabajos académicos que aborden esta relación desde distintos enfoques, tanto teóricos como pragmáticos, analizando los fenómenos conflictivos recurrentes en Perú y América Latina. Mas información

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